William W. Crouse has been a director since April 2003. From January 1994 to December 2011, Mr. Crouse was a general partner at HealthCare Ventures, a venture capital firm with a focus on biotechnology companies. From 1987 to 1993, Mr. Crouse served as worldwide president of Ortho Diagnostic Systems, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson that manufactures diagnostic tests for hospitals, and a vice president of Johnson & Johnson International. Before joining Johnson & Johnson, Mr. Crouse was a division director of DuPont Pharmaceuticals Company, where he was responsible for international operations and worldwide commercial development activities. Before joining Dupont, he served as president of Revlon Health Care Group's companies in Latin America, Canada, and Asia/Pacific. He also held numerous management positions at E.R. Squibb & Sons, a pharmaceutical company. Mr. Crouse is currently a Trustee Emeritus of the New York Blood Center. In the past five years, he has also served as a director of Uluru, Inc., a specialty wound care company. Mr. Crouse received a B.S. in finance and economics from Lehigh University and an M.B.A. from Pace University.
Board of Directors
Alexander J. Denner has been a director since February 2016. Dr. Denner is the chief investment officer of Sarissa Capital Management LP, a registered investment advisor, which he founded in 2012. Sarissa Capital focuses on improving the strategies of companies to better provide shareholder value. From 2006 to 2011, Dr. Denner served as a Senior Managing Director at Icahn Capital, an entity through which Carl C. Icahn conducts his investment activities. Prior to that, he served as a portfolio manager at Viking Global Investors, a private investment fund, and Morgan Stanley Investment Management, a global asset management firm. Dr. Denner currently serves as a director of Biogen Inc. and Chairman of ARIAD Pharmaceuticals, Inc., both biopharmaceutical companies. Dr. Denner also previously served as a director of the following life sciences companies: Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., VIVUS, Inc., Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and ImClone Systems Incorporated, where he also served as Chairman of the Executive Committee.
Dr. Denner has extensive experience overseeing the operations and research and development of healthcare companies. He also has extensive experience as an investor, particularly with respect to healthcare companies, and possesses broad health-care-industry knowledge. Dr. Denner received his S.B. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his M.S., M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University.
Fredric N. Eshelman has been a director and chairman since August 2015, and in November 2017, Dr. Eshelman became our Executive Chairman. Dr. Eshelman has more than 35 years of strategic development, executive, operational and financial leadership experience in the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries. Dr. Eshelman was the founder of Pharmaceutical Product Development, Inc. (PPD) and founding chairman of Furiex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. In 2014, Dr. Eshelman founded Eshelman Ventures, LLC, an investment company focused on healthcare companies. From 2009 to 2014, Dr. Eshelman served as Chairman of the Board of Furiex. From 2009 to 2011, he served as Executive Chairman of PPD. He also served as Chief Executive Officer of PPD from 1990 to 2009 and as Vice Chairman of its Board of Directors from 1993 to 2009. Dr. Eshelman currently serves on the board of directors of AeroMD, Cellective Biotherapy, Inc., Dignify Therapeutic, Inc., Eyenovia, Inc., G1 Therapeutics, Inc., Innocrin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Medikidz USA, Inc., Meryx, Inc. and Neoantigenics LLC and Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc., and the advisory board of Auven Therapeutics.
Dr. Eshelman has served on the executive committee of the Medical Foundation of North Carolina, was on the Board of Trustees for UNC-W and in 2011 was appointed by the NC General Assembly to serve on the Board of Governors for the state's multi-campus university system as well as the NC Biotechnology Center. In addition, he chairs the board of visitors for the School of Pharmacy at UNC-CH. One of the top pharmacy programs in the United States, in May 2008 the school was named the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy in recognition of his many contributions to the school and the profession. Dr. Eshelman has received many awards including the Davie and Distinguished Service Awards from UNC and Outstanding Alumnus from both the UNC and University of Cincinnati schools of pharmacy, as well as the NC Entrepreneur Hall of Fame Award. He has received the doctor of pharmacy from the University of Cincinnati, completed a residency at Cincinnati General Hospital and a BS in pharmacy from UNC-CH. He is a graduate of the OPM program at Harvard Business School.
Geno J. Germano has been a director since November 2017. Mr. Germano was, most recently, President of Intrexon Corporation, a leader in synthetic biology, from June 1, 2016 to March 2017. He previously held the position of Group President of the Global Innovative Pharma Business of Pfizer, Inc., where he led a growing global $14 billion business with market-leading medicines and an extensive portfolio of late-stage development candidates in several therapeutic areas, including cardiovascular, metabolic disease, neuroscience, inflammation, immunology, and rare diseases. Mr. Germano was also Co-Chair of Pfizer’s Portfolio Strategy and Investment Committee and, prior to that, President and General Manager of Pfizer’s Specialty Care and Oncology business units. Prior to joining Pfizer, Mr. Germano held numerous executive and leadership roles at Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, including President of Wyeth U.S., where he was responsible for the delivery of operational results across four business units, as well as President of its Global Pharmaceutical and Women’s Healthcare Business. Mr. Germano has been a member of the Group of Fifty (G50) and served on the Board of the Biotechnology Innovation Organization, where he was a member of the Executive Committee and Chaired the International Committee. He serves on the Advisory Board of the Healthcare Businesswomen's Association and as a Trustee of the Albany College of Pharmacy, where he received his Bachelor of Science degree in Pharmacy. Mr. Germano was formerly a director of Zoetis Inc. and is currently a director of Bioverativ Inc. and Sage Therapeutics.
John C. Kelly has been a director since April 2011 and served as our lead director from May to August 2015. From October 2009 to February 2010, Mr. Kelly served as senior vice president, finance of Pfizer Inc. From March 2008 to October 2009, Mr. Kelly served as vice president and controller at Wyeth and from June 2002 to March 2008, he served as vice president, financial operations of Wyeth. Prior to joining Wyeth in 2002, he spent more than 35 years in public accounting at Arthur Andersen in various leadership capacities, including as the partner in charge of audit and business consulting practices in the New York metropolitan area. Mr. Kelly is currently a director of C.R. Bard, Inc., a medical device company, and a subsidiary of Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey. He is a certified public accountant and was an elected member of the Council of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Mr. Kelly received a B.S. in business administration and an M.B.A. in international finance from Seton Hall University.
Armin M. Kessler has been a director since October 1998. Mr. Kessler joined us after a 35-year career in the pharmaceutical industry, which included senior management positions at Sandoz Pharma Ltd. (now Novartis Pharma AG) in Switzerland, the United States and Japan and, most recently, at Hoffmann-La Roche, in Basel, Switzerland, where he was chief operating officer and head of the pharmaceutical division until he retired in 1995. Mr. Kessler currently also serves as a director of Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd., a Swiss publicly traded company. In the past five years, Mr. Kessler has also served as a director of Gen-Probe Incorporated, which was acquired by Hologic, Inc. Mr. Kessler received degrees in physics and chemistry from the University of Pretoria, a degree in chemical engineering from the University of Cape Town, a law degree from Seton Hall University School of Law and an honorary doctorate in business administration from the University of Pretoria. Mr. Kessler is a registered patent attorney with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Clive A. Meanwell has been a director since 1996. He has served as our chief executive officer since February 2012, our chief executive officer and president from October 2009 to February 2012, as our chief executive officer from August 2004 to October 2009, as our president from August 2004 to December 2004, our executive chairman from September 2001 to August 2004 and as our chief executive officer and president from 1996 to September 2001. Dr. Meanwell was also chairman of our board from September 2001 to August 2015. From 1995 to 1996, Dr. Meanwell was a partner and managing director at MPM Capital, L.P., a venture capital firm. From 1986 to 1995, Dr. Meanwell held various positions at Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc., a pharmaceutical company, including senior vice president from 1992 to 1995, vice president from 1991 to 1992 and director of product development from 1986 to 1991. Dr. Meanwell received an M.D. (British equivalent MB ChB) and a Ph.D. (British equivalent MD hons) from the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Paris Panayiotopoulos has been a director since March 2017. Mr. Panayiotopoulos most recently served as President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of ARIAD Pharmaceuticals Inc., where he led approximately a five-fold multiple in market value in one year and the acquisition by Takeda Pharmaceuticals for $5.2 billion in February 2017. Prior to joining ARIAD in January 2016, Mr. Panayiotopoulos served as President of EMD Serono Inc., the North American biopharmaceutical business of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, from 2013 through 2015. Prior to being appointed President of EMD Serono, Mr. Panayiotopoulos held positions of increasing responsibility within Merck KGaA, serving as President of Merck Serono, Tokyo, Japan, from 2012 through 2013; Global Chief of Staff for the CEO in Geneva, Switzerland, from 2011 through 2012; Head of Western Europe for the fertility and endocrinology franchises, in 2011; Global Director of the neurology franchise, from 2007 through 2011; and Global Strategy and Business Intelligence Director from 2004 through 2007. Prior to joining Merck KGaA, Mr. Panayiotopoulos was at Eli Lilly & Co. from 1999 to 2004.
Mr. Panayiotopoulos has led multiple partnerships, including those with Pfizer, Bristol Myers Squibb, Eli Lilly & Co., Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma, Mitsubishi Tanabe, Otsuka and Incyte and has served on the board of directors of BIO. Mr. Panayiotopoulos holds a combined B.Sc. in Chemistry and Management Studies from University College London and a M.Sc. in Marketing and Product Management from Cranfield Business School in the United Kingdom.
Sarah J. Schlesinger has been a director since February 2018. Dr. Schlesinger has spent more than 20 years working in the field of cellular immunity. She is currently the Chair of The Rockefeller University Hospital’s Institutional Review Board (IRB) and Senior Physician and Associate Professor of Clinical Investigation at The Rockefeller University. Prior to becoming Chair of the hospital’s IRB, Dr. Schlesinger served as Clinical Director of the Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Clinical Director of The Laboratory of Cellular Immunology and Physiology - the laboratory led by the late Ralph M. Steinman, M.D., 2011 Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine. Before joining The Rockefeller University in 2003, Dr. Schlesinger was a scientist at the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative in New York City from 2002 to 2003, and a Research Physician/Pathologist at the Division of Retrovirology at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research from 1996 to 2002. Dr. Schlesinger trained in Surgery at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and began her career in pathology at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, and hospitals in New York including Buffalo General, Hospital New York and the Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. Dr. Schlesinger leads clinical trials and also chairs the research education and training committee of the Center for Clinical and Translational Science at The Rockefeller University Hospital. She is co-director of Rockefeller’s Clinical Scholars program and the Certificate in Clinical and Translational Sciences program. Widely published in her field, Dr. Schlesinger has been recognized with numerous awards for her research and teaching. She is also a member of numerous, prominent medical societies, including the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the College of American Pathologists. Dr. Schlesinger serves on the board of three non-profit organizations: AVAC (AIDS Vaccines Advocacy Coalition); Global Viral; and The Hastings Center, the pre-eminent center for the study of bioethics. She served as an independent director of Ariad Pharmaceuticals from 2013 until its sale to Takeda in 2017. She is currently a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Lycera Corp., as well as a consultant to Lycera’s CEO on matters of clinical development, and an independent director of Innoviva, Inc. Dr. Schlesinger graduated with honors from Wellesley College and obtained her medical doctorate from Rush Medical College in Chicago, Illinois.
Hiroaki Shigeta has been a director since April 2007 and served as our lead director from May 2010 to September 2012. Mr. Shigeta served as a consultant to us from July 2006 to December 2007. From January 2005 until June 2006, he served as a consultant to various Japanese pharmaceutical companies. From October 1993 to December 2004, Mr. Shigeta served in a variety of senior management positions with Hoffman-La Roche, Inc. and its affiliates. From January 2003 to December 2004, Mr. Shigeta was the U.S. head, Far East relations of Hoffman-La Roche and from June 2002 to April 2003, he was a member of the board of Chugai Seiyaku KK, Tokyo, a majority-owned affiliate of Roche Holding of Switzerland. From January 2001 to May 2002, Mr. Shigeta served as chairman and representative director of Nippon Roche KK, a pharmaceutical company and a Japanese affiliate of Roche Holding of Switzerland. From October 1993 to December 2000, Mr. Shigeta was the president and chief executive officer of Nippon Roche KK. Mr. Shigeta has also served as a director of MediciNova, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company. Mr. Shigeta received a B.A. in economics from Momoyama Gakuin University in Osaka, Japan and a B.Sc from Haas Business School, University of California at Berkeley.
Melvin K. Spigelman has been a director since September 2005. Since January 2009, Dr. Spigelman has served as president and chief executive officer of the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development, a non-profit organization which seeks to accelerate the discovery and development of faster-acting and affordable drugs to fight tuberculosis. From June 2003 to January 2009, Dr. Spigelman served as director of research and development of the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development. Before joining the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development, Dr. Spigelman was the president of Hudson-Douglas Ltd, a consulting company, from June 2001 to June 2003. From 2000 to 2001, Dr. Spigelman served as a vice president, global clinical centers at Knoll Pharmaceuticals, a pharmaceutical unit of BASF Pharma, and from 1992 to 2000, Dr. Spigelman was the vice president of research and development at Knoll. Dr. Spigelman serves as a director of Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc., where he is a member of the audit and compensation committees and chair of the external communications oversight committee. Dr. Spigelman received a B.A. in engineering from Brown University and an M.D. from The Mount Sinai School of Medicine.
Elizabeth H.S. Wyatt has been a director since March 2005 and served as our lead director from September 2012 until May 2015. Prior to her retirement in 2000, Ms. Wyatt held several senior positions at Merck & Co., Inc., a pharmaceutical company, over the course of 20 years, including most recently, vice president, corporate licensing. Previously she had been a consultant and academic administrator, responsible for the Harvard Business School's first formal marketing of its executive education programs. She also serves as the vice chair of the Board of Sweet Briar College and chaired the Search Committee for a former president of Sweet Briar College. Ms. Wyatt received a B.A. from Sweet Briar College, a M.Ed. from Boston University and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School.
Contact the Board
You can The Medicines Company's Board of Directors to provide comments, to report concerns, or to ask a question, at the following address.
The Medicines Company
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